New Jersey

1 Lown Institute, “Lown Institute Hospitals Index: 2022 Results Fair Share Spending,” April 2022,

2, “Fifth Semi-Annual Hospital Price Transparency Compliance Report,” July 2023,, p.26. 

3 Rand Corporation, “Nationwide Evaluation of Health Care Prices Paid by Private Health Plan: Findings from three Round 4 of an Employer-Led Transparency Initiative,” Supplemental Material, Table 7.31 New Jersey, July 2022,

4 New Jersey Policy Perspective, “People Pay, Hospitals Profit: Rising Prices Drive High Health Care Costs,” November 2022,

5 Innovation for Justice, University of Arizona and the University of Utah, “Medical Debt Policy Scorecard,” May 2022,

6 Kaiser Health News, “Hospital Group Mum As Members Pursue Patients With Lawsuits And Debt Collectors,” December 2019,

7 POLITICO, “Elizabeth hospital sued multiple patients during pandemic over unpaid bills,” April 2021,

All data as of September 2023.