New York

1, “Fourth Semi-Annual Hospital Price Transparency Compliance Report,” February 2023,, pg. 24. 

2 Rand Corporation, “Prices Paid to Hospitals by Private Health Plans: Findings from Round 4 of an Employer-Led Transparency Initiative,” July 2022,

3 Axios, “How America’s Top Hospitals Send Patient Costs Soaring,” June 2021,

4 Innovation for Justice, University of Arizona and the University of Utah, “Medical Debt Policy Scorecard,” May 2022,

5 Community Service Society, “Discharged Into Debt: New York’s Nonprofit Hospitals are Suing Patients,” March 2020,  

6 The New York Times, “One Hospital System Sued 2,500 Patients After Pandemic Hit,” October 2021,

7 Leapfrog Hospital Safety Grade, State Rankings, November 2022,

8 Lown Institute, “Lown Institute Hospitals Index: 2022 Results Fair Share Spending,” April 2022,