1 PatientRightsAdvocate.org, “Third Semi-Annual Hospital Price Transparency Compliance Report,” August 2022, https://www.patientrightsadvocate.org/august-semi-annual-compliance-report-2022.
2 Service Employees International Union Local 49, “Shortchanged: How hospital financial assistance practices and policies fail Oregon patients with the greatest need” October 2022, https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5c410100cc8fed8a660f968c/t/6340a82e876a152fbb205782/1665181742724/Shortchanged_final.pdf.
3 Innovation for Justice, University of Arizona and the University of Utah, “Medical Debt Policy Scorecard,” October 2021, https://www.medicaldebtpolicyscorecard.org/state/OR.
4 Lown Institute, “Lown Institute Hospitals Index: 2022 Results Fair Share Spending,” April 2022, https://lownhospitalsindex.org/2022-fair-share-spending/.
5 New York Times, Profits Over Patients, “They Were Entitled to Free Care. Hospitals Hounded Them to Pay.”, https://www.nytimes.com/2022/09/24/business/nonprofit-hospitals-poor-patients.html?smid=nytcore-ios-share&referringSource=articleShare#:~:text=In%20interviews%2C%20patients%20in%20California%20and%20Oregon%20who%20qualified%20for%20free%20care%20said%20they%20had%20been%20charged%20thousands%20of%20dollars%20and%20then%20harassed%20by%20collection%20agents.%20Many%20saw%20their%20credit%20scores%20ruined.