South Dakota

1 PatientRightsAdvocate.org, “Fifth Semi-Annual Hospital Price Transparency Compliance Report,” July 2023, Appendix D, Page 26, https://www.patientrightsadvocate.org/july-semi-annual-compliance-report-2023

2 Rand Corporation, “Nationwide Evaluation of Health Care Prices Paid by Private Health Plan: Findings from three Round 4 of an Employer-Led Transparency Initiative,” July 2022, https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RRA1144-1.html

3 The Leapfrog Group, “Fall 2023 Leapfrog Hospital Safey Grade,” November 2023, https://www.hospitalsafetygrade.org/your-hospitals-safety-grade/state-rankings

4 Lown Institute, “Lown Institute Hospitals Index: 2023 Results Fair Share Spending,” April 2023, https://lownhospitalsindex.org/2023-fair-share-spending/

5 Innovation for Justice, University of Arizona and the University of Utah, “Medical Debt Policy Scorecard,” October 2021, https://www.medicaldebtpolicyscorecard.org/state/SD

6 National Public Radio, “Investigation: Many U.S. hospitals sue patients for debts or threaten their credit,” December 2022, https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2022/12/21/1144491711/investigation-many-u-s-hospitals-sue-patients-for-debts-or-threaten-their-credit.